Document type: DU ETD
Collection: Geology Theses  
Title Measuring the Affordability of Rental Housing in Large Metropolitan Areas of the Western United States
Author(s) Lopez, Hilary
School/Department Department of Geography
Institution University of Denver
Degree Type Doctoral
Degree Name Ph.D.
Type of Resource text
Degree Date 2005 June
Digital Origin reformatted digital
Rights Statement All Rights Reserved
Reason for Restrictions No restrictions
Type of Restriction No restrictions
Keyword(s) Geography
Genre Dissertations, Academic
Abstract The research presented in this paper seeks to further explore the spatial dimensions of affordable rental housing shortages in the western United States by examining the degree to which a shortage of affordable rental housing exists in Los Angeles-Long Beach, California; Phoenix-Mesa, Arizona; Portland-Vancouver, Oregon-Washington; San Diego, California; and San Francisco- Oakland, California. Following Nelson, American Housing Survey metropolitan area micro- data is used to quantify the number of affordable rental housing units relative to the number of renter households within defined income strata to answer the following questions: what is the estimated shortage of affordable rental housing for extremely low income, very low income, and low income households in the study areas; how have the shortages of affordable rental housing changed in these metropolitan areas over time; how do the estimates vary between metropolitan areas; what do these results imply about the housing opportunities facing these populations; and how well do regional estimates•approximate the magnitude of shortages of affordable rental housing for extremely low, very low, and low income renters in the metropolitan areas studied? The results indicate that the affordable rental housing shortage is most severe in the tight southern Californian housing markets due to the acute shortage of units for extremely low income households and very low income renters. The analysis also revealed that shortages of affordable rental housing are worsening in Portland-Vancouver and Phoenix-Mesa. Further, the metro areas displayed different results in terms of whether shortages were more or less severe in their central cities over suburbs and in terms of the lower in some populations impacted. Using logistic regression, it was also shown that in San Diego extremely low income renters have a higher likelihood of occupying affordable rental housing if they receive some form of rental assistance
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