Document type: DU ETD
Collection: Geology Theses  
Title A Study of the Rapid Transformation of IBO Heartland Settlements From Rural to Urban Centers: A Post-Nigerian Civil War Phenomenon
Author(s) Anene, Lawrence Okezie C.
School/Department Department of Geography
Institution University of Denver
Degree Type Doctoral
Degree Name Ph.D.
Type of Resource text
Degree Date 1991 August
Digital Origin reformatted digital
Rights Statement All Rights Reserved
Reason for Restrictions No restrictions
Type of Restriction No restrictions
Keyword(s) Geography
Genre Dissertations, Academic
Abstract The primary concern of this study was to investigate the factors responsible for the rapid emergence and growth of cities in the Ibo Heartland of Nigeria in the years following the end of the civil war in 1970.It was hypothesized that the Ibo Heartland has experienced an unusually rapid rate of urbanization in the post-civil war period. This main hypothesis was tested through the following specific hypotheses: 1. That the rate of urbanization of the Ibo Heartland settlements in the past-civil war period (1970-85) was unique. 2. That Government and private efforts at post-war reconstruction provided impetus for rapid urbanization of Ibo settlements. 3. That intensive community development efforts urbanization of Ibo rural settlements in the post-civil war period stimulated rapid urbanization of Ibo rural settlements. 4. That the return migration of Ibo businesses and persons resulted in the post-war urban phenomenon. 5. That certain Ibo cultural traits aided the urbanization processes. Seven emerging cities within the Ibo Heartland were selected for study. These were compared with fourteen cities of similar status selected from Ibo and Kano regions of Nigeria. Data for the study were collected through primary and secondary sources. Methods of· collecting primary data included use of questionnaires designed for scheduled interviews, oral interviews and field observations. Analyses of these data led to the conclusions that: (1) post-war urbanization in the Ibo Heartland was unique; (2) post-war reconstruction in Nigeria made an indirect contribution to this urbanization; (3) community development efforts provided infrastructures and economic j base for the transformation of Ibo rural settlements into cities; (4) return migration of Ibo businesses and capital propelled their rural settlements to faster growth and urbanization; and (5) Ibo culture was an underlying motivator in the process of transforming Ibo rural settlements into cities. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended among others the: (1) governments should make their impact felt in the development of new cities in Nigeria; (2) viability studies should be carried out before citing high order functions in the rural settlements and; (3) investments in the Ibo Heartland should be more on economic enterprises than mere prestige projects.
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